In Canada, egg farmers use a variety of housing systems for their hens. Each housing system provides a clean environment, fresh food and water, and protection from predators. Due to the variability of the Canadian climate, most hens are housed in temperature-controlled coops, allowing for a consistent temperature as well as protection from adverse weather conditions.
In conventional systems, hens are housed in small groups and have easy access to food and water. Improved systems are equipped with perches and a curtained-off area where the hens lay their eggs. In free-run systems, the hens move freely across the entire floor area. Some free-run systems also have multi-tiered aviaries. Finally, there are free-range housing systems that feature an outdoor area for the hens.